Lyvennet Community Pub

Lyvennet Community Pub Ltd, Registered with the Financial Services Authority, An Industrial and Provident Society - Register № 31175R


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History of the Pub


The Butchers Arms - History of the name Prince William (William Augustus; 26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765), was a younger son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and Duke of Cumberland from 1726.


He is generally best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, and as such is also known as "Butcher" Cumberland.


William was born in Leicester House, in Leicester Fields (now Leicester Square), Westminster, London, where his parents had moved after his grandfather, George I, accepted the invitation to ascend the British throne. His godparents included the King and Queen in Prussia


On 27 July 1726, at only four-years-old, he was created Duke of Cumberland along with other titles including a Marquess, Earl, Viscount and Baron.


From childhood, he showed physical courage and ability, and became his parents' favourite. He was enrolled in the 2nd Foot Guards and made a Knight of the Bath aged four. He was intended, by the King and Queen, for the office of Lord High Admiral, and, in 1740, he sailed, as a volunteer, in the fleet under the command of Sir John Norris, but he quickly became dissatisfied with the Navy, and, early in 1742, he began an Army career.


He saw active service in Germany and then later in 1745 became Commander-in-Chief of the allied British, Hanoverian, Austrian and Dutch troops in Flanders.




Jacobite rebellion "The Forty-Five" As the leading British general of the day, he was recalled to England to take over command against the Jacobite claimant to the throne, Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charles), known as the Young Pretender, in the Jacobite Rising of 1745. His appointment was popular, and caused morale to soar amongst the British public and troops.

The Jacobite army had advanced southwards into England, hoping that English Jacobites would rise and join them. However after only receiving limited support such as the Manchester Regiment, the Jacobites decided to withdraw to Scotland.

When their retreat began, on December 6th Cumberland joined the Midland army under Ligonier, and began pursuit of the enemy with his mounted troopers, as the Stuart's retreated northwards from Derby. On reaching Penrith, the advanced portion of his army was repulsed on Clifton Moor and Cumberland became aware that an attempt to overtake the retreating Highlanders would be hopeless. Carlisle was retaken, and he was recalled to London, where preparations were in hand to meet a suspected French invasion. The defeat of his replacement as commander, Henry Hawley, at Falkirk roused the fears of the English people in January 1746, and the hopes of Britain were centred on the Duke.


He was appointed commander of the forces in Scotland.and went north again and entered Edinburgh at the end of January 1746. Whoever in England was afraid, 'Billy Cumberland' was not and his appearance at once put heart into the soldiers, who had been thoroughly demoralized by the Highlanders' fierce charges.


He finally faced the Highland Army, whom he outnumbered by nearly two to one, at Culloden, a few miles east of Inverness. When he had won the battle of April 16th, Cumberland gave orders for the systematic rooting out and eradication of all 'rebels' who should be found concealed in the Highlands. All houses where they could find shelter were to be burnt and all cattle driven off. This was interpreted to mean the killing or burning of all Highlanders found wounded or with arms in their hands. Hence came his well-known nickname of The Butcher.


HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE


Black Dub The English / Scottish history of the area goes back further with “Black Dub”, south of the village, known as the place where King Charles II stopped with his army in 1651 when he marched south from Scotland. An obelisk marks the spot and is inscribed;




"Honi soit qui mal y pense" is the motto of the English chivalric Order of the Garter.


The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an English order of chivalry with a history stretching back to medieval times; today it is the world's oldest national order of knighthood in continuous existence and the pinnacle of the British honours system. Its membership is extremely limited, consisting of the Sovereign and not more than twenty-five full members, or Companions.


Its literal translation from Old French is "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it", or more strictly: "Let he who thinks ill there be shamed." It is sometimes re-interpreted as "Evil be to him who evil thinks".


History

This statement supposedly originated when King Edward III was dancing with his first cousin and daughter-in-law, Joan of Kent. Her garter slipped down to her ankle, causing those around her to snigger at her humiliation. In an act of chivalry Edward placed the garter around his own leg, saying "Honi soit qui mal y pense", and the phrase later became the motto of the Order.



Translation

It may be understood as 'A scoundrel, who thinks badly by it', or 'Shame on him, who suspects illicit motivation'.

Another alternative translation: "Spurned be the one who evil thinks". The older (dark navy blue) British passport carried this message on its cover. The intent there was for the bearer to be pure in thought and intent if he/she was a carrier of that passport.


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